TEACHER Exam Forum

Teacher Eligibility Test known as TET is an Indian entrance examination for teachers. The test is mandatory for getting teaching jobs in government schools from Class 1 to Class 8. Paper 1 is meant for teachers opting for Class 1 to Class 5 and Paper 2 for Class 6 to Class 8. It is conducted by both Central government and State governments in India. Most states conduct their own TET. The test is conducted in order to fulfill and achieve the goals of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act.

TET was introduced by the Government of India in order to improve standards in teaching. It was held for the first time in 2011.  For teachers already working, they are supposed to clear the exam in two years time

The exam is based on National Curriculum Framework. The people who have the professional qualifications of Teacher Training such as B.T.C (D.El.Ed), B.Ed, B.El.Ed are eligible to take part in the test. It's a mandatory qualification for one who wanted to be a teacher from Class I to class VIII. A candidate has to score over 60 per cent to clear the eligibility test. The exam is divided into Paper 1 and Paper 2.

The National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) maintains the database and guides the government bodies about conducting the test.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test

In accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of Section 23 of the RTE Act, the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) had vide Notification dated 23 August 2010 and 29 July 2011 laid down the minimum qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in classes I to VIII. It had been inter alia provided that one of the essential qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in any of the schools referred to in clause (n) of section 2 of the RTE Act is that he/she should pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) which will be conducted by the appropriate Government in accordance with the Guidelines framed by the NCTE. A candidate needs minimum 60% to become CTET Qualified and the certificate is valid for a period of 7 years. The qualified candidates become eligible to apply for teacher recruitment as and when it happens for Class I to VIII in schools that come under the purview of the Central Government (KVS, NVS, Central Tibetan Schools, etc) and schools under the administrative control of UTs of Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep and NCT of Delhi. The examination is tough with qualification rates of 1% to 14% in the exams held so far.

CBSE conducts CTET twice in a year. CTET 2016 exam is going to be conducted on 21 February 2016 and 18 September 2016. CTET scores will be released in March 2016 for CTET Feb and in October for CTET Sept. Approximately 9 lac applicants appear for the examination. CTET 2018 exam date is on 9 December 2018. This eleventh edition of CTET will be conducted in 20 languages in 92 Indian cities.

The rationale for including the TET as a minimum qualification for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher is as under:

  • It would bring national standards and benchmark of teacher quality in the recruitment process;
  • It would induce teacher education institutions and students from these institutions to further improve their performance standards;
  • It would send a positive signal to all stakeholders that the Government lays special emphasis on teacher quality

The Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India has entrusted the responsibility of conducting the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) to the Central Board of Secondary Education Delhi.

CTET Exam Pattern in Detail

As per the official notification, CTET exam comprises 2 papers for Primary and Elementary Stage teacher eligibility test. The exam pattern has been given below for both the papers:

CTET 2018 Exam Pattern for Paper 1 and Paper 2

All questions in paper 1 are compulsory. Marks are equally distributed among each section and all questions in Paper 2 is also compulsory but candidates get to choose between section 4 and 5 as per the subject one chooses to teach. 


  Paper I Paper II
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions Multiple Choice Questions
Duration of Exam 2.5 hours (180 minutes) 2.5 hours (180 minutes)
Sections Child Development and Pedagogy
Language I (compulsory)
Language II (compulsory)
Environmental Studies
Child Development and Pedagogy
Language I (compulsory)
Language II (compulsory)
Mathematics & Science
Social Studies/Social Sciences
Total marks 150 marks 150 marks
Marking scheme

1 mark for the correct response

1 mark for the correct response
Negative Marking No deduction No deduction


CTET 2018 Marking Scheme

CTET Paper 1 comprises 150 questions to be asked from five sections. Paper 2 covers five sections from which, 150 questions are asked. Details pertaining to subjects covered and number of questions asked have been tabulated below:

Paper 1: Teacher for Class I to Class V

Subject No. of Questions Marks
Child Development and Pedagogy 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Language I (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Language II (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Mathematics 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Environmental Studies 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Total 150 Questions 150 Marks

Paper 2: Teachers for Class V to VIII

Subject No. of Questions Marks
Child Development & Pedagogy(compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Language I (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Language II (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Mathematics and Science (for Mathematics and Science teacher) 60 MCQs 60 Marks
Social Studies/Social Science (for Social Studies/Social Science teacher) 60 MCQs 60 Marks

CTET Syllabus 2018

The CTET Syllabus 2018 is as defined by CBSE. Paper 1 comprises 5 sections namely, Child Development and Pedagogy, Language 1, Language 2, Mathematics and Environmental Studies. 

Paper 2 has four sections viz. Child Development and Pedagogy, Language 1, Language 2, Mathematics and Science/ Social Studies.

CTET Exam Pattern: The national level exam is conducted at two levels, Paper 1 (Primary Stage) and Paper 2 (Elementary Stage). Both the papers are conducted on a single day in different shifts. Paper 1: for candidates who wish to teach classes 1 to class 5 Paper 2: for candidates who wish to teach class 6 to class 8 In case candidates wish to qualify for recruitment at both levels, they can appear for both the papers in CTET exam. The exam was successfully conducted on December 9. Both papers had Multiple Choice Questions to be solved within 180 minutes. Each question carried one mark and there was no negative marking. As per CBSE, candidates securing a minimum 60% and above marks in CTET will be issued eligibility certificate. Both the papers in the examination consisted of 5 sections. Candidates can choose between Mathematics & Science and Social Science in Paper 2. Total 150 question asked in both of the papers. A separate question paper will be provided for visually impaired candidates. A person with more than 40% disability will be allowed to keep a scribe.